Detroit is the largest city in the U.S. state of Michigan, and the seat of Wayne County. It is the major city among the primary cultural, financial, and transportation centers in the Metro Detroit area, a region of 5.2 million people, and serves as a major port on the Detroit River connecting the Great Lakes system to the Saint Lawrence Seaway. It was founded on July 24, 1701, by the French explorer, adventurer, and nobleman Antoine de la Mothe, sieur de Cadillac.
In 2010, the city had a population of 713,777 and ranked as the 18th most populous city in the United States. The name Detroit sometimes refers to the Metro Detroit area with a population of 4,296,250 for the six-county Metropolitan Statistical Area, the United States' 13th-largest, and a population of 5,218,852 for the nine-county Combined Statistical Area as of the 2010 Census. The Detroit–Windsor area, a critical commercial link straddling the Canada–U.S. border, has a total population of about 5,700,000.
Known as the world's traditional automotive center,"Detroit" is a metonym for the American automobile industry and an important source of popular music legacies celebrated by the city's two familiar nicknames, the Motor City and Motown.Other nicknames arose in the 20th century, including City of Champions beginning in the 1930s for its successes in individual and team sport, The D, D-Town, Hockeytown (a trademark owned by the city's NHL club, the Red Wings), Rock City (after the Kiss song "Detroit Rock City"), and The 313 (its telephone area code). Detroit became known as the "great arsenal of democracy" for its support of the U.S. role among the Allied powers during World War II.
Detroit Renaissance Center
The Renaissance Center (also known as the GM Renaissance Center and nicknamed the RenCen) is a group of seven interconnected skyscrapers in Downtown Detroit, Michigan, United States. Located on the International Riverfront, the Renaissance Center complex is owned by General Motors as its world headquarters. The central tower, the Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center, is the tallest all-hotel skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere, and features the largest rooftop restaurant, Coach Insignia. It has been the tallest building in Michigan since it was erected in 1977
Hart Plaza is a 14-acre (5.7 ha) plaza, which is named for the late U.S. Senator Philip Hart, opened in 1975 and has a capacity for about 40,000 people. At the center of the plaza is the Horace E. Dodge and Son Memorial Fountain, designed by Isamu Noguchi and Walter Budd in 1978.
Horace E. Dodge Fountain
Is 30 foot high and a popular spot to cool off during the hot summer days. The fountain's basin is a tapered walk in all the way around, so it is an easy walk under the water. If you are not looking to soak yourself the lite mist that comes off the falling water maybe just what would do the trick for you.
A fountain sculpture depicting a ring suspended between two inwardly canted supports. Water sprays up from the basin below and down from the ring. The fountain has more than 300 water jets and 300 lights, which are activated by computer to create innumerable water configurations according to temperature.
In 1971, two million dollars was bequeathed to the City of Detroit by Anna Thompson Dodge in order to construct a fountain at the foot of Woodward Avenue in honor of her husband and son. Mrs. Dodge was the wife of the late auto pioneer Horace E. Dodge. The toal cost of the fountain was $2,668,325. A groundbreaking ceremony was held on Oct. 2, 1975 and the fountain was completed on Oct. 14, 1981. Hart Plaza is an eight acre plaza in downtown Detroit. Noguchi also designed a 120 foot high pylon for the plaza and helped in the design of the plaza.
Hart Plaza Pylon is double helix that appears to make a quarter turn between the bottom and the top.
Dimensions: 120' x 7' x 7'
The sculpture was commissioned via Smith, Hinchman and Grylls Associates, Inc. architects, as a companion piece to Noguchi's Dodge Fountain, which was built in 1981 in Hart Plaza, an eight acre plaza in downtown Detroit. Noguchi also helped design the layout of the plaza. The $402,000 total cost of the sculpture was paid for by funds from the Detroit Capital Gifts Committee, which determines how financial gifts to the City of Detroit will be spent.